Foldit in the newsEdit

General scienceEdit

The contribution of Foldit players to Scientific ResultsEdit

All Foldit players participate in a scientific investigation. Whatever their contribution (from folding to giving feedbacks or giving tips to other or sharing intermediate solutions). As "citizen scientist", they contribute directly to some mass data collections on likely protein structures (from a mass of results, top scoring solutions are analyzed as the best promising, but also "shared to scientists" ones and even low scoring ones for statistical analyses). They are also observed as players and/or citizen scientists. From this point of view, they are themselves "objects of science" They are the objects of social or technical studies on "gamification", games, social sciences, human/machine interface, artificial intelligence etc. Aside of pure fun in competition, "contributing to Science" has been reported as one of the highest motivation of Foldit players. The contribution of Foldit players is often acknowledged by the researchers in their blogs and science chats, as well as by many authors who quote Foldit as a famous example of complex and difficult "serious game" or "game with purpose". But very high level scientific visible results are rare enough to be quoted here. The papers bellow are papers where Foldit players contributed significantly to Scientific advances, either as co-authors or as "co-subjects" of studies that have reached high level scientific publications.

  • Scott Horowitz, Brian Koepnick, Raoul Martin, Agnes Tymieniecki, Amanda A. Winburn, Seth Cooper, Jeff Flatten, David S. Rogawski, Nicole M. Koropatkin, Tsinatkeab T. Hailu, Neha Jain, Philipp Koldewey, Logan S. Ahlstrom, Matthew R. Chapman, Andrew P. Sikkema, Meredith A. Skiba, Finn P. Maloney, Felix R. M. Beinlich, Foldit Players, University of Michigan students, Zoran Popović, David Baker, Firas Khatib & James C. A. Bardwell. Determining crystal structures through crowdsourcing and coursework. Nature Communications 7, Article number: 12549 (2016), doi:10.1038/ncomms12549
  • George A. Khoury, Adam Liwo, Firas Khatib, Hongyi Zhou, Gaurav Chopra, Jaume Bacardit, Leandro O. Bortot, Rodrigo A. Faccioli, Xin Deng, Yi He, Pawel Krupa, Jilong Li, Magdalena A. Mozolewska, Adam K. Sieradzan, James Smadbeck, Tomasz Wirecki, Seth Cooper, Jeff Flatten, Kefan Xu, David Baker, Jianlin Cheng, Alexandre C. B. Delbem, Christodoulos A. Floudas, Chen Keasar, Michael Levitt, Zoran Popović, Harold A. Scheraga, Jeffrey Skolnick, Silvia N. Crivelli and Foldit Players. WeFold: a coopetition for protein structure prediction. Proteins (2014).
  • Firas Khatib, Seth Cooper, Michael D. Tyka, Kefan Xu, Ilya Makedon, Zoran Popović, David Baker and Foldit Players. Algorithm discovery by protein folding game players. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2011).
  • Seth Cooper, Adrien Treuille, Janos Barbero, Andrew Leaver-Fay, Kathleen Tuite, Firas Khatib, Alex Cho Snyder, Michael Beenen, David Salesin, David Baker, Zoran Popović and Foldit players. The challenge of designing scientific discovery games. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Foundations of Digital Games (2010).

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